Plagiarism is using the words, ideas, concepts or data of another person without proper attribution.
It includes, but is not limited to:
• Copying passages from electronic and/or copyrighted works of others into one’s own homework, essay, term paper, or thesis without acknowledgment;
• Use of the views, opinions, or insights of another person without acknowledgment;
• Paraphrasing of another person’s characteristic or original phraseology, metaphor, or other literary device without acknowledgment.
Cyber Plagiarism:Copying or downloading in part, or in their entirety, articles or research papers found on the Internet or copying ideas found on the Web and not giving proper attribution.
You have plagiarized if:
• you took notes that did not distinguish summary and paraphrase from quotation and then you presented wording from the notes as if it were all your own.
• while browsing the Web, you copied text and pasted it into your paper without quotation marks or without citing the source.
• you presented facts without saying where you found them.
• you repeated or paraphrased someone’s wording without acknowledgment.
• You paraphrased someone’s argument or presented someone’s line of thought without acknowledgment.
• You bought or otherwise acquired a research paper and handed in part or all of it as your own.
Check the useful link below for more about plagiarism:
Intentional Plagiarism occurs when writers or researchers know full well they are passing off someone else's words or ideas as their own. Purchasing pre-written research papers through the mail or via the Internet is probably the most blatant form of intentional plagiarism (and the easiest to detect).
Some specific examples of intentional plagiarism:
(1) Passing off as one's own pre-written papers from the Internet or other sources.
(2) Copying an essay or article from the Internet, on-line source, or electronic database without quoting or giving credit.
(3) Cutting and pasting from more than one source to create a paper without quoting or giving credit.
(4) Allowing someone else to write the paper or do the work.
(5) Borrowing words or ideas from other students or sources (such as Cliff's Notes) without giving credit.
(6) Failing to put quotation marks around the words of others.
(7) Fabricating a quotation or a source.
(8) Pretending that an instant translation is one's own work. (Not only is such a practice dishonest--but the instant translations give miserable results. Click here for some examples.)
Unintentional Plagiarism occurs when writers and researchers use the words or ideas of others but fail to quote or give credit, perhaps because they don't know how. When in doubt, students must check with a teacher or librarian.
Some specific examples of plagiarism that may be unintentional:
(1) Paraphrasing poorly: changing a few words without changing the sentence structure of the original, or changing the sentence structure but not the words.
(2) Paraphrasing poorly: using words from the original that aren't part of one's vocabulary.
(3) Quoting poorly: putting quotation marks around part of a quotation but not around all of it, or putting quotation marks around a passage that is partly paraphrased and partly quoted.
(4) Citing poorly: omitting an occasional citation or citing inaccurately.
Also known as "recycling fraud is the reuse of significant, identical, or nearly identical portions of one's own work without acknowledging that one is doing so or without citing the original work. Articles of this nature are often referred to as duplicate or multiple publication. In addition to the ethical issue, this can be a copyright violation if copyright of the prior work has been transferred to another entity. Typically, self-plagiarism is only considered a serious ethical issue in settings where someone asserts that a publication consist of new material, such as in publishing or factual documentation. It does not apply to public-interest texts, such as social, professional, and cultural opinions usually published in newspapers and magazines. In academic fields, self-plagiarism occurs when an author reuses portions of his own published and copyrighted work in subsequent publications, but without attributing the previous publication.
Identifying self-plagiarism is often difficult because limited reuse of material is accepted both legally (as fair use) and ethically.It is common for university researchers to rephrase and republish their own work, tailoring it for different academic journals and newspaper articles, to disseminate their work to the widest possible interested public. However, these researchers also obey limits: If half an article is the same as a previous one, it is usually rejected. One of the functions of the process of peer review in academic writing is to prevent this type of "recycling"
You can avoid plagiarism by
• making a list of the writers and viewpoints you discovered in your research and using this list to double-check the presentation of material in your paper
• keeping the following three categories distinct in your notes: your ideas, your summaries of others’ material, and exact wording you copy.
• identifying the sources of all material you borrow-exact wording, paraphrases, ideas, arguments, and facts.
• checking with your instructor when you are uncertain about your use of sources.
Source: Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for writers of research papers, sixth edition, Modern Language Association of America, c2003, p.75
How Plagiarism is dealt with in AUA?
A student who commits an act of academic dishonesty is subject to disciplinary action as described in the Students Code of Ethics.
A faculty member who discovers a violation of this Code may impose the following measures:
• oral warning to the student;
• written warning to the students;
• reduction in score in the academic evaluation involved or one of its components;
• retake of the academic evaluation involved or one its components;
Disciplinary measures should be applied in a timely manner, as soon as practicable after the discovery of the violation.