Climate Justice refers to the fair and equitable distribution of the benefits and burdens of climate change among the global population and generations.
Disproportionality between causality and burden includes that the emissions of the richest 1% of the global population account for more than twice the combined share of the poorest 50%. While people and nations most affected by climate change are among the least responsible for it.
In regards to intergenerational equity, the emissions produced by any given generation can inflict damage on one or more future generations, causing climate change to be progressively more threatening to the affected generations than the responsible ones.
For a brief exploration of the history and core values behind the Climate Justice movement, check out this video by the National Youth Council of Ireland.
Social Justice and Climate Justice are interrelated. This video unpacks the roots of global inequality and why climate justice matters, and how to take part in the change.